sábado, 15 de diciembre de 2007

Palabras

Tengo la inmensa suerte de utilizar una de las lenguas más ricas del mundo. Formada, como todas pero tal vez más que otras, de muchas lenguas diversas: Latin, Griego, Árabe...
Incorpora también rasgos de otras muchas: Azteca, Euskera y otras muchas.

Un ejemplo de esta riqueza está en la palabra mochila. En las otras lenguas que conozco, la de los 'alonsanfans' y la de los hijos de la Gran Bretaña, a la mochila se le denomina saco de espalda o paquete de espalda, que indudablemente es más descriptivo que la palabra mochila.

Mochila es una palabra de origen vasco, viene de motxil, que segun la RAE significa muchacho, en concreto un muchacho que servía a los labradores para hacerles recados y llevarles los aperos.

En los años en que España dominaba en Europa, estos muchachos, y otros provenientes de otras tierras, servían a la mejor y más temida infantería de la época, preguntadle a un holandés por el Duque de Alba. Su labor consistia en ayudar a la tropa, llevarles pertrechos y provisiones. En resumen seguir haciendo lo que hacían en su tierra natal, pero en condiciones más hostiles.

Como España nunca ha tratado bien a sus servidores, esta gente a menudo estaba desaprovisionada y abandonada, teniendo que recurrir al pillaje. Tarea que recaia en estos chavales, expertos en asaltar huertas y gallineros. De ahi la expresión hacer mochila: Proveerse de comida para el camino.

Para su labor empleaban una bolsa, que iba sujeta a la espalda por comodidad. Con el tiempo pasó a conocerse esa bolsa con el nombre que los soldados vascos daban a estos mozalbetes, motxil y de ahi mochila.

No se, yo prefiero acordarme de estos chavales que llevar un saco a la espalda.

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